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HCS(J) Paper

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HCS(J) Paper

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PAPER II (Haryana Civil Service Judicial Examination 2011)

Haryana  Civil Service  Judicial  Examination, 2011

                                                                 Paper II

                                                                Civil  Law

    Time:  3 hrs                                                                                                                      Max.  Marks:  200                                                                                                                                  

 

Notes:                                                                                                         

(i)   Candidates  are required  to attempt  all questions  in the same seriatim   as they  appear.

(ii)   Marks-are indicated against each question.

(iii)   Support your answer with relevant provisions and case law. (iv)  No extra Answer Sheet will be provided.

Q.  1. (a) Two Hindus got married in a temple. Several years and after the birth of three children, they get the marriage registered under the Special  Marriage  Act. A year  later husband claims that certain ceremonies  were  not performed  and hence the marriage  was void. Decide after giving arguments for both the sides.                           (20)

(b) What are the de-merits of testamentary disposition of property? While answering,  keep in mind particularly  the rights of vulnerable persons in the family.                                                                        (10)

(c) A wife becomes pregnant through artificial insemination using . the husband’s  sperm without his permission. Husband and wife have not met in two years. The child is born with severe disabilities. Husband denies the child to be his. Decide.                                                   (10)

Q.  2. (a) Calculate the shares of X’s  heirs assuming he had only HUF property when he died on 1.1.2000 leaving a widow; a mother, a step mother, two sons, two married daughters  (one married in 1980 and the other in 1989), one unmarried daughter, ten grandchildren of whom  four  are children  of a predeceased   son and a predeceased daughter married in 1990 (each having a son and daughter).

Give reasons  for inclusions,  exclusions  and quantum of shares. What is the nature of property in the hands of each heir?

X has left behind considerable  debts also. Who should pay the same and to what extent? These are his debts:-

To workers Rs.30,0001-

To temple priests for ceremonies Rs. 10,0001-

To local shopkeeper for groceries Rs.3,0001-.

To local liquor shop Rs.5,000/-

In the light ofthis, how far does Mitakshra law playa role in Hindu

Law?                                                                                                  (20)

(b) What is the status of Rita in the following cases:

(i)  Nita and Rita are twins.  Rita was born 15 minutes  later than Nita. They were both adopted by a childless Hindu couple through an adoption agency. Forty years later after the death  of their parents Nita  asserts that Rita had no claims to their parent’s property.               -

(ii)  Rita was adopted by Childless Hindu woman. After the adoption, the woman converted to Christianity.           (10)

(c) Two Hindus marry and have a son. The husband converts to Islam and marries aMuslim girl. They have a daughter. All this happens prior to the decision in Sarla Mudgal’s case. In 2001 the husband dies. The  son denies  the  claims  of the  daughter  and her mother.  Is the marriage valid and the child legitimate?                                           (10)

Q. 3. (a) A Muslim man has two Muslim wives. The entire family converts to Christianity. Discuss the status of the wives and children. Can he divorce his wives by triple talaq post conversion?              (20)

(b).Write short notes on followings: (a)   Dastane v. Dastane

,(b)  Law relating to Custody in India                                  (10)

(c) The waiting period of six months contemplated under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is as mandatory as the other conditions prescribed for obtaining divorce by mutual consent. Explain the statement with support of case law.                                          (10)

Q.  4. (a) What is the impact of the Property Laws (Amendment) Act, 200 I, which amended the Registration Act as well on Section 53- A of the Transfer  of Property Act?                                                 (10)

(b) What documents  may be registered? What are the effects of non- registration?                                                                               (10)

(c) Discuss the circumstances in which registration of a document can be refused by the Registering Authority. Is there any remedy against an unjustified refusal? Briefly discuss.                                            (10)

(d) What is the effect of ‘acknowledgement’   as envisaged under the Limitation Act?                                                                           (10)

Q. 5. (a) ‘X’  was allotted a residential plot in the Municipal Area of Kamal,  being the highest bidder in a public auction held by the Rehabilitation  Department, Government of Haryana, on 31.10.1980. The site plan shown to ‘X’  at the time of auction depicted two ‘Public

Parks’  on the east and west  side of the plot.  ‘X’  constructed   his house in April,  1985 after getting the building plans sanctioned  from Municipal Council,   Kamal  and  kept windows   on both  sides  of the house.  In the year 2004,  ‘A’  started  digging  foundations   in the open  space  abutting

-the ‘west’   side of the ‘)(‘s   house,  claiming  to be its owner  on the plea that  it was  allotted  to him by the Rehabilitation    Department   in lieu of the properties  left by his deceased  father  in West Pakistan.  ‘X’  institutes a civil suit on 3.10.2006,  claiming  easement  rights by prescription.  Soon thereafter,   Rehabilitation    Department   also  issued  a public  notice  for the auction  of a residential   plot, which  as per the description   given was abutting  the house  of ‘X’  on east  side.  ‘X’   institutes  another  civil  suit on •1.1.2007•  against   the  Rehabilitation      Department,     claiming    the easementary   rights.  Explain  with  t~e support  of case law:-

(i)   Whether   ‘X’  has acquired   absolute  and indefeasible   right to easement   against’  A ‘?

(ii)’  Whether   ‘X’  has acquired   absolute  and  indefeasible   right to  easement     against    the   Rehabilitation       Department, Haryana?

(iii)  What   are  the  essential    conditions     to  claim   such   like. easementary   rights  under  the Limitation  Act,  1963?   (20)

(b)   ‘Justice   has  emanated  from   nature.   Therefore,   certain matters  have passed  into custom by reason of their utility. Finally the fear  of law, even religion,  gives sanction  to those rules which have  both  emanated  from   nature   and  have  been  approved   by custom. ‘ What  is the  relevance   of this  statement   of Cicero  in Indian Legal  System?                                                                                            (10)

(c)  How  does  a custom   originate?    Write  briefly  the  role  of the

Supreme  Court  in preserving  and developing  the customs of the people?            (10)

 

 

HCS(J) Paper
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